The United States also expressed its view that the Kashmir issue should be resolved by mutual agreement between India and Pakistan. Following India`s protest against the presence of U.S. members in the UN observer group in Kashmir, our ambassador told the Indian government that we had told the UN Secretary General that, although the U.S. government acknowledges its responsibility in this decision, the United States has no interest in keeping American observers in Kashmir. , as long as the effectiveness of the current observer system in Kashmir is not affected. We have confidently announced to the Secretary-General that we want the American members of the observer group to be removed within a few months. According to our latest information, the Secretary-General believes that six U.S. observers are the minimum necessary to maintain the morale of the observer corps in Kashmir, and that his current trend is to have The Indians authorize the replacement of that number of American officers whose operations expire after July 1. Pakistan`s decisions to sign a cooperation agreement with Turkey and a defence mutual aid agreement with the United States were evidence of its increased participation in a common front against communism. The signing of these defence pacts guaranteed military and economic assistance to Pakistan.
In exchange, Pakistani soil served as a base for reconnaissance operations against the Soviet Union. Pakistan received significant benefits from these pacts when the United States provided money and equipment to strengthen Pakistan against China`s ambitions in South Asia and the Middle East. The United States has extended more than $900 million in military equipment under the Mutual Defence Assistance Agreement. The Pakistani army has been significantly updated with a large number of equipment, including tanks and booster fighters. Its communication and radar system has also been reorganized. It received equipment for another armoured division, four infantry divisions and an armoured division, and received support elements for two bodies. The Pakistani Air Force received six wings of modern jets, including F-104, B-57, F-86 and c-130; The Navy also received twelve ships. In addition, the ports of Karachi and Chittagong have been modernized. Because of this army, it was transformed into a well-organized and well-equipped force working on the modus operandi of the U.S. armed forces. Hundreds of thousands of Pakistani officers have been trained by American officers.
Through these pacts, Pakistan compensated for its indignations and its army had become considerably modern, acting as a deterrent against India`s aggression. Although the balance of power has always shifted to India, Pakistan has felt confident enough by these unions to withstand the Indian war. Shortly thereafter, Mr. Nehru learned that Pakistan was likely to enter into an alliance with the United States and receive military assistance from that country. In a lengthy correspondence with Mohammad Ali, he strongly protested, stressing that if Pakistan were to pursue this project, its agreement on Kashmir would end. [ii] Mr. Mohammad Ali replied that he did not see why any military support that Pakistan could obtain from the United States for purely defensive purposes would make it less restrictive to improve relations between India and Pakistan by resolving the Kashmir conflict. In particular, he did not understand why, if Pakistan joined an alliance with the United States, it would disqualify the people of Kashmir from the exercise of their right – which the United Nations, India and Pakistan had recognized – to a free vote to decide whether their state should join India or Pakistan.