At the Yalta conference, held from 4 to 11 February 1945 on the Crimean coast, the three prime ministers met a second time in person. Faced with the allied victory in the war in Europe, discussions focused on the reorganization of the continent after the end of the war. The Allies reaffirmed their intention to continue Germany`s unconditional capitulation and then divide the country into zones of occupation. Other issues were addressed: denazification and punishment of war criminals; German repairs; the form of the future international organization that will replace the League of Nations – what the United Nations should become; the voting procedures of such a body; and the war in Asia. In hindsight, many historians have regarded Yalta as one of the most controversial war meetings with legacy because of the compromises obtained, especially those that refer to Eastern Europe. Foreign Minister Antony Eden informed the House of Commons of the decisions taken shortly after his return to London in Tehran. In a postponement debate on 14 and 15 December 1943, he spoke of the „total agreement“ reached on the scale and timing of future military operations against Germany, adding that they would soon be „taken to the battlefields of battle“. Mr. Eden also spoke of the foundations of a post-war international order to ensure peace and progress after the end of hostilities. Viscount Cranborne informed the House of Lords of developments at the Tehran conference the following day. The alliance between the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union began with correspondence and a series of bilateral conferences. However, in the aftermath of the war, plans were undertaken to bring together the heads of government of these three allied powers to discuss the key issues raised by the conflict.
The last of the three major war summits took place after Germany`s unconditional surrender in Potsdam, southwest of Berlin. The longest of the three conferences took place between July 17 and August 2, 1945. There were discussions between Stalin, who remained in power in the Soviet Union, and the new leaders of the United States and the United Kingdom. The United States was represented by President Harry Truman, who took office after Roosevelt`s death in April. The United Kingdom was represented by successive British Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee, which took place in the middle of the conference after the 1945 general election. Discussions focused on issues that resulted from Germany`s defeat, while participants also reflected on the ongoing war against Japan. With regard to Germany, provisional agreements have been reached on a number of issues, including the new border line and the displacement of the German population. With regard to the ongoing war in Asia, the United States and Britain issued a separate declaration at the end of July with China calling for Japan`s immediate and unconditional surrender. (The Soviet Union would declare war on Japan in August). This warned that the alternative would be „rapid and total destruction“ for the country. I hope that the House will feel that hope has been considerably strengthened by our meeting in Crimea. The bonds between the three great powers and their mutual understanding have developed.